A compass is a device that has been around for decades and had helped people get through places that they have never been. It is something that you will find in the pockets of seasoned hikers, campers, and backpackers even at this time wherein everything is modern. That is because when you have the best survival compass, you will always have a reliable navigator. It will not run out of battery power, it does not need an internet connection, and it can survive exposure to water and other environmental factors.
However, if you have never held a compass before, you might get confused with the different parts or features that you might read when you start shopping for one. Hence, it is important that you understand what are those and what they are for so that you know what you are about to buy. Basically, you will find a pointer inside the face or house of the compass. This is the so-called needle or magnetized needle. Of course, as some of you already know, this is the one that will be moving when you change directions.
When see or hear the words azimuth ring or rotating bezel, this is simply the rings that have been marked with degrees which range from zero to 360. This is a guide for navigation. The baseplate, on the other hand, is simply the flat area that is transparent wherein markings for navigation are present, as well as rulers for you to be able to measure the distances of the map. The last basic feature of a compass is termed as the orienting arrows and lines. They are usually markings that can be found inside the needle's housing and on top of the baseplate. These are usually parts that are helpful in accomplishing your navigational tasks. . Some manufacturers will add useful features that you might want to look for as well but not necessary. A magnifying lens is usually included in the baseplate that can be a great tool if you need to magnify the details of a map. Walking through your hiking path at night time will be much easier if your compass has luminescent indicators. As the name implies, they are features that can help give light to your compass.
Today that the world is more modern, some companies have also added some advanced features that you should be aware of. One is the declination adjustment which can be used to adjust the difference between the true magnetic and the magnetic north. For you to be able to have a compass that can give emergency signals and can help you have a more precise aim, then the sighting mirror is a feature that you must look for.
On the other hand, if you love to travel in steep slopes or areas, a compass with a clinometer will be a good buddy. That is because it is responsible for measuring vertical angles, object heights, and avalanche hazard assessments. These are just the some of the features that will come handy during your trips. There are other features but are more specific to particular adventures.